This paper tries to present a holistic outlook to the subject of public sanitation. It engages with the topic at various levels. Firstly, the report highlights the international scenario with respect to the public sanitation. Secondly, it covers the Indian policy perspective on the subject matter of public sanitation. It discusses various national missions and campaigns that were launched by the government in order to introduce reforms in the sector of water and sanitation. Lastly, the paper examines the Uttarakhand state scenario with respect to the public sanitation. The paper lays down the components of various programmes that were launched by the state government. The paper presents a unique approach by highlighting four different case studies from four different states. The last case study (number four) is of Dehradun and is conducted by Gati Foundation as a part of conducting the social audit for the public toilets of Dehradun. In the end, the paper suggests some practical and innovative set of recommendations to overcome the challenges that are persisting in this sector of water and sanitation.